Baha’i

Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha’u’llah) in Iran in 1852, the Baha’i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God.

Bahamas

Location: West Indies Official name: Commonwealth of the Bahamas Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1973 / 1973 Capital city: Nassau Population: 300,000 / 78 people per sq mile (30 people per sq km) Total land area: 5382 square miles (13,940 square km) Language(s) spoken: English (official language), English Creole, French … Read more

Bahrain

Location: Southwest Asia Official name: Kingdom of Bahrain Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1971 / 1971 Capital city: Manama Population: 800,000 / 2930 people per sq mile (1133 people per sq km) Total land area: 239 square miles (620 square km) Language(s) spoken: Arabic Main religions: Muslim (mainly Shi’a) 99%, … Read more

Balkanization

The fragmentation of a political area into many smaller independent units, as in former Yugoslavia in the Balkan Peninsula.

Baltic Assembly

The Baltic Assembly was established on 12 May 1990 to thoroughly discuss various cooperation issues between Baltic states.

Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is the no. 18 contiguous open water surface on earth. It has a huge, 163 square mile (422,2 square km) area and 180 square feet (55 square meters) average depth. The Baltic Sea’s greatest known depth is 1,38 feet (421 meters), which can be found at Off Gotland.

Bangladesh

Location: South Asia Official name: People’s Republic of Bangladesh Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1971 / 1971 Capital city: Dhaka Population: 164 million / 3180 people per sq mile (1228 people per sq km) Total land area: 55,598 square miles (144,000 square km) Language(s) spoken: Bengali (official language), Urdu, Chakma, … Read more

Bantu migration

The Bantu peoples’ movement southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 B.C. to around A.D. 1000.

Barbados

Location: West Indies Official name: Barbados Formation (date of independence / date current borders were established): 1966 / 1966 Capital city: Bridgetown Population: 300,000 / 1807 people per sq mile (698 people per sq km) Total land area: 166 square miles (430 square km) Language(s) spoken: Bajan (Barbadian English), English (official language) Main religions: Anglican … Read more

Barrios

Densely settled neighborhoods in city space that is characteristically inhabited by migrants of Latino or Hispanic origin.

Barter

The exchange of goods or services in the absence of cash.

Basin irrigation

The ancient Egyptian system of cultivation using fields saturated by the seasonal impoundment of Nile floodwaters.

Bazaar

The traditional Middle Eastern city’s central market is characterized by a twisting, close-set lanes, and merchant stalls.

BCIE

The Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE) (acronym from Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico) was established on 13 December 1960’s Articles of Agreement to promote economic integration development for its members.

BDEAC

The Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC) was established on 3 December 1975 to provide economic development loans.